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Lewes, Delaware
Jim's Towing Service
January 5, 2007     Cape Gazette
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January 5, 2007

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CAPE GAZETTE, Friday, January 5 - Monday, January 8, 2007 - 57 The own of Todos Santos seen from Batzalom, is a hamlet on the other side of the valley about a 40-minute walk away.  1 1 1 1 ll ll 1 1 mint 1 1 1 1 1 1 l | GETTING a BIG TAX REFUND IN JANUARY | GET YOUR MONEY NOW*.* | I Are you getting $2,000, $3,000, $5,000 or more |. and need some money now? Bring last year s tax | return, current financtal mfo and we may be  " " " "  1 | able to lend you all the money you need. I |Get started online & get your answer today*! | | Call or visit your local office! _,t, 1 ! | Dover Milford- Millsboro Seaford Delmar # | i 730.1988 422.3484 934.6399 629.6266 846-3900 ,m  t ! or log on to: ---- | http://cashadvanceplus, com vg; | &llllllllllllllllld Problem Continued from page 56 start a business, are few and far between. Many see their only hope of rising above persistent poverty in the gleaming images of the United States, just as other immigrants over the past two cen- turies have. For many Guatemalans, wide- spread poverty is compounded by the long history of internal migra- tion. Farming in these mountains is a formidable task, and the growing season is short. Cemuries ago, indigenous people in Guatemala farmed in the more hospitable coastal .region, but the iffvading Spaniards drove the' inhabitants of these lands into the mountains With the developmegt of rubber, coffee, cotton and banan a plantations, as well as the construction of the railroads, Guatemala's ruling elite engi- neered a system of control to bring people back out of the mountains to work on the coast. For a time, according to a local teacher, the government used libretas or identification docu- ments that noted whether a man had reported for his required three periods of work at the coast. Little government attention was given to development of infrastructure or education in the highlands, an_d the-convenient supply of cheap labor to the plantations continued. Working conditions ranged from substandard to inhumane, with long hours, malnutrition, unsafe pesticide use and unsanitary hous- ing for the workers. Dofia Eusebia worked in the fincas or planta- tions for decades, from a teenager supporting her single mother until the age of 45. Her children trav- eled with her, with consequential- ly diminished opportunities to attend school. Her daughter Marcela, three years younger than I am, worked in the fincas until she was 12. Since 1996, with increased political ,stability and thus tourism, Dofia Eusebia's family has been able to make a living hosting students like myself, giving weaving classes, selling their weaving, and work- ing part-time in a comedor, and they no longer have to make the yearly trek to work at the coast. (Although infinitely preferable to plantation labor, these new oppor- tunities still do not provide enough income to allow Dofia Eusebia to see a doctor about her unidentified chronic illness or to send her grandson Rigoberto to school.) Throughout its history, the government of Guatemala has encouraged its poorer inhabitants to work for survival in distant locations, rather than developing adequate options closer to home. Incidentally, American-owned companies such as the infamous United Fruit Company profited enormously from the system of internal migration. To protect American profits, the CIA, whose director Allen Dulles was on the board of United Fruit, sponsored the overthrow of the democratically elected Jacobo Arbenz in 1954. Guatemala became mired in decades of polit- ical violence, death squads and disappearances. La violencia is an important element in understand- ing the arrival of Guatemalans in - Sussex County. The northwestern .departments (provinces) that are home to many Guatemalans living in Delaware received the full force of the violence, as the mili- tary fought the guerrillas by attacking indigenou s peasants in the highlands, who were per- ceived as the guerrillas' support base. During Rios Mont's cam- paign of tierra asada ("scorched earth") in the 1980s, this meant massacres, as the army attempted to wipe entire villages off the map. Todos Santos was hit very Continued on page K8 Adele Hudson loves Cadbury at Lewes Continuing Care Retirement Community, she can't wait for her spacious new cottage. What convinced Adele to move here? She had family members living in other Quaker- based communities and has always admired their philosophy of respect for the individual. Once she moves in, Adeie plans to pursue various cultural interests developed over her 3 years of working in local museums. Plus she'll have access to a full range of services to ensure an active and independent lifestyle--with a plan for the future should a healthcare need arise. o. ,,. u A," .oM o..v fITIR FMINT