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Lewes, Delaware
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February 21, 2006     Cape Gazette
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February 21, 2006

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22 - CAPE GAZETTE - Tuesday, Feb. 21 - Thursday, Feb. 23, 2006 k q S Sussex Master Gardeners to hear presentation on hurricanes and nor' easters " : " : Steven Billup$ photo Nature Center manager speaks to Gardeners Richard Julian, manager of the Seaside Nature Center at Cape Henlopen Park shows a Pow- erPoint presentation on various activities, trails and programs available at the park. Julian is role at the park is to develop and execute the interactive programs at the park. He is striving to provide the public with the best possible experience, promoting awareness and apprecia- tion of all that the park has to offer. Sussex County Master Garden- "My goal is to encourage people ers and Delaware Cooperative Ex- to make some preparations now tension for both Delaware State rather than waiting until a major University and the University of storm threatens the area, Carey Delaware are celebrating 20 years said. of educational services with a pre- "The types of things people can sentation Open to the public. - do now include assembling a dis- The event begins at 6:30 p.m aster supplies kit, knowing the Wednesday, March 1, at the Sus- evacuation route and the location sex County Research and Educa- of storm shelters, and learning tion Center, located on Route 9 in how to protect homes and proper- Georgetown. ty from wind and flood damage." The speaker will be Dr. Wendy Dr. Carey holds a doctorate and Carey, Coastal Processes/Coastal a master's degree in marine stud- Hazards specialist, who has been ies from the University of with the University of Delaware Delaware and a bachelor's degree Sea Grant Marine Advisory Ser- from St. Lawrence University in vice since 1999. Canton, N.Y. In her presentation, Carey will She has developed and partici- provide an overview of hurricanes pated in many programs designed and nor'easters, beginning with an to increase awareness about explanation of the weather pat- coastal processes and hazards and terns that create these powerful serves as a liaison between re- storms, gional, state and local resource She will also explain the haz- management agencies, coastal ards they present to both coastal communities and the public on and inland areas, as well as ac- coastal issues. t'tons that can be taken to become The evening begins with light better prepared in the event of a refreshments at 6:30 p.m fol- coastal storm. Included in her talk lowed by the lecture at 7 p.m. will be a discussion of the Great The cost is $5 per person. Ad- Atlantic Coast Ash Wednesday vance registration is required by storm that struck Delaware March calling Sharon Webb at 856-2585, 6-8, 1962, Ext. 540. .I It's February. It's cold. Not much fruit if any in our gardens. But there in the refrigerator are bright, crisp apples. Apples that have stayed firm and juicy for months. It was this very keeping ability to stay fresh for long periods that led these peculiar gree~rr'dpples on their long journey from a case of "waste not, want not," to become one of the premier apples of our day. This apple began with a woman named Maria, .the daughter of con- victs-who were exiled to Australia. In 1868 Maria found a small apple seedling growing out of a pile of discarded apples. A local fruitgrower, Edwin Small, said that in 1868 he and his dad were asked to come by Maria's to take a look at a seedling apple tree on her farm. Maria explained that this tree was growing by a creek where she had tossed out some French crab apples from Tasmania. The ap- ples on this seedling tree were medium to large, with a waxy, grassy-green skin covering crisp, juicy, white flesh. They com- Paul Barb, ,no , ./]IfH.&, GARDEN JOURNAL bined a faintly sweet with a bit of tartness, so they were good for cooking. Indeed when cooked in- to pies these sprightly apples held onto their texture and never got mushy. Maria's green apple was a success, and even won prizes at local fairs. But most importantly, and the reason we even know of this apple from Australia, is that these seedling apples were not only quite firm, but very bruise resis- tant with an excellent shelf life. They were, in the parlance of the needs a long season to fully ripen, gallons of water. trade, excellent shippers. And about 170 to 210 days from bloom Be sure that the graft union is shipped they were. to harvest, above the soil line. The graft Incredibly by the turn of the They are hardy in USDA Zonesunion is a slight bulge or healed century these apples were sent by 6 though 10, though with luck wound about 10 to 18 inches boat from Australia across several you can get them to ripen in Zone above the highest roots. Keeping oceans to Great Britain and later 5. the graft union above ground will to America. Even when Granny Smith ap- prevent the variety from rooting The apples were named after pies are grafted onto semi-dwarf and defeat the purpose of a sepa- Maria, who as a midwife in New rootstock they can grow into sub- rate rootstock. South Wales delivered so many stantial trees so late winter prun, Wrap screening or hardware babies that she was known as ing to stay truly semi dwarf, cloth loosely around the base of "Granny Smith." The name stuck Granny Smith is not a self-polli- the trunk to prevent animals from and today the tart green apples are nating apple tree, so you will need chewing the bark. The trees known as "Granny Smith." another apple variety nearby for should begin to bear fruit in just a The Granny Smith apple tree is cross-fertilization. Granny Smith few years. available from many local nurs- trees flower in mid-April so even Soon enough you will have a eries or by mail from nurseries flowe ing crabapples will polli- great apple for eating out of hand such as Miller's (5060 West Lake nate them. as well as an excellent dessert ap- Road, Canandaigua, NY 14424- To plant your Granny Smith ap- pie that can be made into apple- 8904 or by phone at 800-836- pie tree, choose a sunny location sauce, apple butter, pies and cider. 9630) or Stark Brothers. (www. and dig holes wide enough to fit When asked about her amazing or by mail at Stark the roots without bending them. apple tree, Granny Smith, well Brothers, P.O. Box 1800 Usually ahole 18 inchesdeep and aware of the stigma of having Louisiana, MO 63353.) 18 inches in diameter will be ade- convicts for parents, said, "Well, Granny Smith trees are veryquate, it's just like God to make some- vigorous, with good productivity. Spread the roots out in the hole, thing useful out of what we think They are annual bearing with a fill the hole and gently tamp the is rubbish." compact but spreading shape. The soil down. This will insure root- trees resist cedar apple rust. to-soil contact so that the roots Address questions or comments Not surprising given its down will not dry out. Water the newly to Paul Barbano c/o The Cape under heritage, the Graqmy Smith planted apple tree with at least 2 Gazette.