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September 13, 1996     Cape Gazette
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September 13, 1996

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34 - CAPE GAZETTE, Friday, September 13 - September 19,1996 Cancer Watch Men: prostate cancer screenings essential for early detection An estimated 244,000 American men will get prostate cancer this year and more than 40,000 men will die from the disease. The American Urological Asso- ciation, Prostate Cancer Education Council and the American Cancer Society recommend that men between the ages of 50 and 70 undergo an annual prostate evalu- ation. Men who are part of popu- lation groups with high rates of prostate cancer, including African Americans and those with family history of the disease, should begin these annual tests at age 40. "Because men usually don't show any symptoms of prostate cancer until it's too late, the PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen blood test) and DRE (digital rectal exam) are our most important tools of early diagnosis," said E. David Crawford, M.D., Prostate Cancer Education Council chair- man and associate director for clinical activities at the University of Colorado Cancer Center Crawford said refinements in PSA testing that take age ranges and yearly changes in PSAs into consideration have made the test more effective at detecting cancer. "Once prostate cancer is detected, determining how to treat it is a complicated decision involving many factors," said Crawford. Among major considerations when prostate cancer is diagnosed are the age of the patient and the stage of the disease. Men age 70 or older, for example, must weigh their average life expectancy against the complications that could occur with any treatment. For a 70-year-old man, these risks range from a 50 percent chance of impotence to a two per- cent chance of incontinence after either surgery or radiation therapy. Because prostate cancer grows men will develop prostate cancer in their lifetime? A5 B. 10 C31 D. 92 2. Prostate cancer rates are % higher for black men than white men. A. 5% B 40% C 250 D. same 3. Prostate cancer is the __ leading cause of cancer deaths in men. A tenth B. fifth C second D first 4. At what age should all men begin having a yearly prostate screening? A. 65 B. 35 C50 D. 40 5. At what age should black men begin having a yearly prostate screening? A. 65 B. 35 C50 D. 40 !iiiiiiii00000000000000ii00000000i00iiii00iiii00ii0000iiii00ii0000iii!10010000!i0000000000!!00i00iii00000000i0000iiiii00 slowly in older men, doctors will frequently recommend not treating the cancer, but will instead recom- mend "watchful waiting." Men in their 50s and 60s, on the other hand, have a longer life expectancy and must weigh the potential complications of treat- ment against the risk of doing nothing. For example, a 50-year- old man faces a 10 percent chance of impotence and a less than one percent chance of incontinence after either surgery or radiation therapy. Prostate Cancer Awareness Week is organized by the Prostate Education Council, a consortium of physicians, health educators and prostate cancer patient advo- cates dedicated to increasing prostate cancer awareness among men and the women in their lives. Since 1989, when the first round of mass screenings took place in association with Prostate Cancer Awareness Week, researchers have noted the first signs of a turn- around in the number of cases of prostate cancer that are now detected in the early and potential- ly curable stages of the disease. In recognition of Prostate Can- cer Awareness Week, Sept. 23 to 29, Milford Memorial Hospital, in conjunction with the American Cancer Society, will hold free or low-cost early detection of prostate cancer screenings. The exams will consist of a DRE and a PSA, each of which takes about one minute to per- form. The combination of these two tests is the most effective method for detecting prostate can- cer at an early stage, before it has escaped the prostate gland. Milford Memorial Hospital will provide the exams at its Outpatient Services Center on Friday, Sept. 27 from 3 to 6 p.m. and on Satur- day, Sept. 28 from 9 a.m. until noon. In order to participate in the screenings, men must be 50 and older, or 40 and older if there is a family history of prostate cancer or are African American, who have not had a PSA test in the past 12 months and who have not had or are not currently being treated for prostate cancer. To schedule an exam, call Heather at the American Cancer Society, at 1 (800) 227-2345. Leave a message and calls will be returned within two days to set up appointments. Appointments are limited and available only on a first come, fast served basis. Cops to arrest locals Sept. 19 The Keystone Cops will arrest Cape Region residents at their places of employment on Thurs- day, Sept. 19 to support the Mus- cular Dystrophy Association (MDA). Prisoners are expected to raise $1,000 bail in order to be released from the Atlantic Sands Hotel jail- house. Prisoners' records will not be wiped clean until the bail is posted, but prisoners may solicit friends and colleagues for contri- butions for the bail. However, jail- birds are restricted to only one phone call. (Cellular phones will be available.) The round-up is sponsored by Evergreen Tall Cedar Forest Lock- up Day. To contribute bail money or for more information, call Laura Tenner, warden, at (410) 494- 7106. MDA will use funds raised in its ongoing commitment to research- ing the disease and providing ser- vices to those afflicted with MD. 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