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November 15, 2002     Cape Gazette
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November 15, 2002

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82. CAPE GAZETTE, Fr/dky, Nov. 15 - Nov. 21, 2002 , "GARDEN & FARM Sussex women receive 4-H excellence awards Submitted photo Delaware Tech Environmental Training Center receives grant The Environmental Training Center at Delaware Tech Owens Campus, recently received a $175,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Attending the check presentation ceremony Oct. 28 were (l-r) USDA Rural Development State Director Marlene Elliott, Con- gressman Michael Castle and Dr. Ileana Smith, assistant campus director. The funds will be used to construct a hands-on training facility and develop a curriculum to prepare designers, installers, and handlers of on-site septic systems to meet new state licensing requirements. "Sussex County's fast-growing population has put great pressure on its wastewater systems," noted Castle. "Having this facility to train the workers who keep those systems in good shape is a real situation for the state, the college, and the community." Two Sussex County 4-H adult volunteers, Barbara Taylor of Seaford and Mary Murabito of Lewes, have been recognized with 2002 Salute to Excellence Awards for outstanding accomplishments on behalf of 4-H. The criteria for the annual award include number of years volunteered, recruitment of new 4-Hers, development of new projects and programs, and support given to the local club. Taylor, the recipient of the Delaware 4-H Salute to Excel- lence Lifetime Volunteer Award for 10 or more years service, start- ed the Seaford Blue Jay 4-H club 35 years ago when her oldest daughter wanted to join 4-H but no local club existed. She has en- couraged young people to further their education, and has followed their development and successes through college and into the work- force. A member of the 4-H Lead- ers Association, she is a county leader and works with state record book training, state 4-H commit- tees, state fair 4-H building plan- ning. Murabito, who received the Delaware 4-H Salute to Excel- lence for volunteers of 10 years or less, is described as an enthusias- tic 4-H parent, a six-year project leader and a four-year organiza- tional leader of the Hollymount 4- H club in Lewes. She also serves as co-leader of the Sussex County 4-H Livestock Club, chairperson for the 4-H Public Speaking con- test, nurse and initiator for the 4-H Younger Member Weekend retreat and treasurer for the county 4-H Leaders Association. "Volunteers are judged on their dedication and positive impact on 4-H, as well as how they meet the needs of 4-Hers," said Joy Sparks, state 4-H program coordinator at the University of Delaware. Six 4,H Salute to Excellence awards are presented each year to volunteers in Delaware's three counties. The First State has more than 1,500 4-H adult volunteers. Here's a vegetable that might cure what ails you Everyday objects are named af- ter people, such as diesel engines for Rudolf Diesel the German en- gineer, sandwiches from the Fourth Earl of Sandwich and even galoshes, named for English shoe- maker Joseph Galosh. So in the world of plants we have zinnias named after Johann Gottfried Zinn, an 18th century German botanist, and Michel Be- gon who gave us begonias. The most famous pear in the world is named for a not so famous Ameri- can merchant, Enoch Bartlett. In medicine, diseases such as Lou Gehrig disease or Alzheimer's are often named after their discoverers or to honor sci- entists. And sometimes the plants and the diseases come together as we shall see. When "the Europeans bumped into America on their way to In- dia, they insisted that the natives were indeed Indians and that their pungent spice must therefore be pepper. But the Indians of Ameri- ca aren't the Indians of India and the vegetable pepper is in no way related to the spicy peppercorn. However, they did find a few fa- miliar plants, chief among them beans. The beans of America were distant cousins to a bean grown for over 8,000 years in Africa, Asia and Europe. This Mediterranean native broad bean or horse bean was the fava bean (Faba vulgaris). GARDEN JOURNAL Paul Barbano Similar in shape to lima beans, fava beans are erect bushy plants, two to seven feet tall, without climbing tendrils. They, bloom with white or purplish flowers fol- lowed by pods that, depending tip- on the variety, can reach 18 inches long. The fava bean is a cool-season annual legume that grows best when temperatures are between 70-80 F. For the large seeded va- rieties, plant the seeds about an inch or two deep three to five inches apart in soil with a pH 6-7. They will geminate in seven to 14 days. Thin the plants to 8 to 10 inches apart, with two to three feet between rows. Fava beans are used as livestock Continued on page 63 Similar in shape to lima beans, fava beans are erect bushy plants, two to seven feet tall, without climbing tendrils. They bloom with white or purplish flowers followed by pods that, depending upon the variety, can reach 18 inches long.