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Lewes, Delaware
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December 16, 2014     Cape Gazette
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December 16, 2014

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Cape Gazette HEALTH & FITNESS TUESDAY, DECEMBER 16 - THURSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 2014 27 g Q. I've heard the worst pain you can experience is from pass- ing a kidney stone. True? stones are caused by a heredi- tary disorder. Kidneys are located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. They're shaped like beans and they're about the size of your fist. The kidneys remove excess water and waste from the blood and convert it to urine. They have other functions, too, that affect blood. The most common symptom of a kidney stone is severe pain that usually starts in the back or side just below the ribs. The pain may spread to the lower abdomen, groin and genitals if drugs relax muscles in your Here are a few tips for reduc- the stone moves down a ureter ureter, ing the chances of getting a toward your bladder. Other Percutaneous nephrolithoto- stone: symptoms include blood in the my is a procedure to remove a * Drink about six glasses of urine, nausea and vomiting, kidney stone. The surgeon uses water daily. When it gets hot, constant need to urinate, and instruments inserted through a try to drink twice as much. fever, small incision in your back. * Cut down on meat in your There are various treatments To remove small stones, adiet. for kidney stones, doctor may run a thin lighted * Reduce your salt intake. Taking a painkiller and drink- tube with a camera through Remember, most of the salt you ing a lot of water with increased your urethra and bladder to eat is in prepared foods, not the physical activity can work. get to the ureter. Then surgical shaker on your table. Extracorporeal shock wave tools are used to remove the * Drink decaffeinated bev- lithotripsy uses shock waves to stone, erages because caffeine can break up the stone. If the stone If you don't drink enoughdehydrate you. is very large, surgery may be fluids, your urine can become * Lemons inhibit kidney needed. Medication or dietary concentrated, and that can stones, so try to incorporate changes may be prescribed to lead to stone formation. People them in your food and bever- prevent more stones, exposed to heat are more likely ages. Medications known as alpha to get kidney stones. That's why blockers are used to help you kidney stones are more corn- If you would like to ask a question, write to pass a kidney stone. These mon in summer, had a friend who served in the Royal Air Force in World War II. On a bomb- ing run over Germany, his co-pilot started to pass a kidney stone. The pain was so bad that the poor guy wanted to jump out of the plane. He had to be knocked unconscious. Kidney stones have been inflicting extreme pain for at least 7,000 years; evidence of them was found in an Egyptian mummy. In the U.S., there are about 1 million cases of kidney stones each year. The number of people in the United States with kidney stones has been increas- ing inexplicably over the last three decades. Stones occur more frequently in men. And the frequency increases with age. Kidney stones are composed of crystals of substances in urine. Many small stones pass unnoticed from the two kidneys down the tubes (ureters) lead- ing to the bladder. But if they are too large to pass, you may feel pain. The crystals that make up stones are likely to form when your urine contains a high level of certain substances. Crystals also may form if your urine becomes too concentrated. Kidney stones can be caused by heredity, diet, drugs, climate, infection and other conditions that create an increased concen- tration of calcium, oxalate and uric acid in the urine. There are four primary types of stones. Calcium stones are the most common; about 80 percent of kidney stones are composed of calcium. Struvite stones usually occur in women and are almost always caused by urinary tract infections. Uric acid stones can develop from a high-protein diet. Cystine 21635 Biden Avenue (Rt. 404/18just west ofRt. 113) (302) 856-9729 WALK-IN CARE* OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK Daily, 11 a.m.-7 p.m. MILLVILLE Rt. 26 (203 Atlantic Ave.) (302) 541-4175 WALK-IN CARE* OPEN WEEKDAYS Monday-Friday, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Georgetown Milton Lewes Rehoboth Beach Long Millsboro Neck Millville MILLSBORO Rt. 113 (28538 DuPont Blvd.) (just south of Rt. 24) (302) 934-5052 WALK-IN CARE* OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK Daily, 11 a.m.-7 p.m. ' Beebe MedicaI Group OUTPATIENT SERVICES AVAILABLE THROUGHOUT THE COUNTY Beebe Imaging Beebe Lab Express Beebe Rehab Services Visit for additional information. Download Our Mobile App Todoy! Lewes, DE. I[]